Archive for September 30, 2017

Get Your Task Rabbit Clone Site On Iphone And Android Using Trabbit App From Apptha

September 30, 2017

Task posting sites that allow users to outsource their errands that they either dislike to do or find no time to do from their busy schedules is a brilliant working model. The win-win benefit of this service is that the posters who post the chores get it done for low cost and the rabbits that run the tasks get an extra income for running a simple day-to-day chore. Adding the luxury of mobile web access to such a task posting website will undoubtedly enhance the user experience. The Trabbit app from Apptha serves this purpose. Check link: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.contussupport.trabbit .

This is a native app for the Trabbit clone script. In other words, the genius Trabbit clone script is now mutated to access and use in the iPhone/Android. The task post site owners who developed their site using the Trabbit clone script can now easily give an iPhone/Android app of their task posting site to the smartphone user base. Purchase the app, upload your site logo, configure your site settings and deploy it in the iTunes/Android market. You are now ready to give your site users a native iPhone app / Android app which they can simply download from your site/ from the app market, install and start using the service from anywhere, at anytime.

Key features of the Trabbit Clone App are:
Exquisite home page with site logo, featured rabbits display and easy touch navigation menus to browse through search, profiles, post task, tasks etc.
A unique icon for post tasks and find tasks in the home page allows posters to post task and rabbits to find task instantly even while they are on-the-go.
Post task with elegant task posting touch icons such as City, Deadline task, task confirm date, address, expense and payable amount. The posters can post task entering an appropriate title, description of the task and can even add a private note to the rabbit.
The posters can view rabbit profiles without having to type even a single word.
The posters can rate a rabbit based on their service provided in seconds.
The rabbit can check all tasks, browse through open task, task per city/ categories, view task details including description, deadline time, assigned status, payable amount by the posters etc.
The rabbit can update the task status just in a touch once the task assigned to them is been completed.
The posters and rabbits can send notification about the task details/status.
In short, the app embeds all the utile features the script furnishes.

The rising demand for access of web applications in iPhone and Android makes the mobile application development inevitable. Ignoring the mobility revolution may result in a serious downfall in the current competitive world. Hence give an iPhone app/ Android app for your service and empower your users to enjoy the complete task posting site in their smartphones. This smart move into the mobile web space will definitely amaze your users and will show a wide dedicated following for the service.

BizTalk vs. webMethods – A Side By Side Comparison

September 29, 2017

BizTalk vs. webMethods – A Side by Side Comparison

Biztalk vs. webMethods

WebMethods and Microsoft BizTalk Server both provide leading integration software solutions in the BPM and SOA market. If you are considering or leaning towards webMethods you may be wondering if there is an alternative integration solution that is cheaper from every perspective imaginable: product licensing cost, maintenance, support, deployment, implementation, development etc. Microsoft BizTalk Server is a good alternative.

Pricing

One of the major negatives of webMethods is it’s very high price. In order to build a complete integration solution with SOA/ESB/BPM architecture, you’re going to need to buy lots of products, all of which have a separate price:

webMethods Adapters webMethods Broker webMethods Integration Server webMethods Monitor webMethods EDI Module webMethods Infravio X-Registry webMethods Infravio X-Broker webMethods Designer webMethods Process Engine webMethods Task Engine webMethods Optimize for Process Blaze Rules Engine webMethods Optimize for Process webMethods Dashboard webMethods Deployer webMethods Installer

With Microsoft BizTalk Server, you get all of the equivalent functions above under just 1 license, and everything is included out-of-the-box (Adapters, Broker, Process Server, Business Activity Monitoring, Rules Engine, EDI, etc.). Microsoft BizTalk has a very transparent and easy to understand licensing pricing model.

Ease of Use

webMethod stresses it’s advanced architectural aspects as to why learning it results in a such steep learning curve for your developers, high-level planning required and expensive consulting fees. BizTalk, on the other hand, stresses ease-of-use, easy deployment and short learning curve. You may have to contact a Microsoft Gold Partner that specializes in BizTalk for a few weeks to give you a good BizTalk foundation, create the proper architecture, maybe do a BizTalk Proof of Concept and mentor your team. But within a few weeks, your team should be up and running, supporting and maintaining your BizTalk solution. All this should amount to less than half of what you would end up paying for the same products and services from webMethods.

Proof of Concept

You would never buy a car without test-driving it. Therefore, in order to properly decide between webMethod’s and BizTalk, you should do a Proof of Concept (POC). Find something simple you’d like to integrate and use both webMethods and BizTalk to do it. If you engage a skilled Microsoft Gold Partner that specializes in BizTalk Server, a BizTalk POC should be completed more than 100-200% faster than a webMethods POC. webMethods will usually shy away or completely avoid doing a POC because of how complicated a very simple integration solution is to do using webMethods.

Integrated Development Platform

Microsoft BizTalk Server delivers a unified platform for customers to integrate their applications, unlike webMethod’s hosh-posh of acquired products. Microsoft BizTalk Server runs on the .Net platform and it’s tools all integrate with VisualStudio.Net. This means easier implementations, faster deployment, and the ability to go-live on more integration projects, faster and cheaper.

So if you are between webMethods or BizTalk, do your homework:

Ask hard questions about configuration and require POC’s to start from the ground-up.

Forget the flashy demos and make sure you know what you are getting into before you sign on the dotted line.

Make sure you ask for a total cost of ownership, including ALL adapters, necessary software services that will be required to completely deploy.

Ask for a very clear and easy to understand price sheet.

Think long term. WebMethods can lure you in with low cost of entry promises, and simply gloss over the long term costs of committing to their products and services. When it comes to total cost of ownership, webMethods simply cannot compete with BizTalk.

And don’t forget skills training for your staff as well as consulting fees.

Visit this link for Biztalk Consulting

Tuff Luv Kindle E-reader Covers And Cases

September 28, 2017

Tuff Luv Kindle Jackets

With the long anticipated launch of The International Kindle Wireless Reader has come a rise in advertising and marketing for Wireless kindle covers and cases. One of the most well known brands are Tuff Luv. Their jackets already dominate the sales in personal gadget cases in a significant collection of things, from mobile phones to PDAs. Using hard-wearing, well padded material along with a little care and attention they provide a large range of protective cases and covers.

Tuff Luv Wireless kindle jackets are mostly made of leather. That means their covers look excellent but will always be also extremely robust. In truth their products come with a lifetime warranty that is a bit of a curiosity in this ‘disposable’ time. They can also sell silicon skins used for the Kindle 2 reading device too, but in this article we want to concentrate on their marvelous leather products.

All their real leather jackets and covers will always be finished by hand. It shows itself as well, examine consumer feedback about tuff luv cases and a certain point which keeps being discussed is how excellent the stitching appears. The napa leather is super soft but hugely sturdy, offering that hoped for shield to keep your new digital reading gadget looking great for as long as you make use of it.

Currently the top selling Kindle Covers are 2 of Tuff Luv’s black napa leather series.

The current best seller is produced in book outward appearance. So the new jacket fits neatly round the Kindle Reading Device and can be opened up to permit you to read from the electronic book reader in the same way as if it were really a standard paperback. This is best for reading when out, and furthermore for safety. It seems more like a Filofax than anything more pricey, and with comparable areas meant for paper work, business cards and your pen this really is nearly as multi-functional as the yuppies best-friend of the 80’s.

The 2nd popular Tuff Luv Kindle e-reader cover is again hand made in black leather. This one is a flip type cover which clips firmly about the Kindle 2, giving unparalleled safe holding for the Ebook reader. At the flipside is a small stand that can be opened. This turns your portable electronic book reader into its own reading stand. This makes it great for extended periods of revision and reading on a counter or table. In the United States this variety is the best selling Handheld reading device cover from Tuff Luv. In the UK this is being beaten by the more portable book jacket styled version.

Both of those Tuff Luv Wireless kindle Cases and covers offer great security for your reader. The black real leather versions are supposed to make reading much easier as they impart a black edge around the display providing better contrast for some. But, if you would enjoy something a little more exciting there are colorful jackets obtainable too.

An 8051 Microcontroller Tutorial to Learn Its Various Important Aspects

September 28, 2017

A microcontroller can be referred to as a cost-effective computer on a chip made for handling particular activities like displaying or getting data by means of LEDs or gadgets controlled by remote. The most widely used assortment of microcontrollers is a part of 8051 Family. 8051 microcontrollers continue to be a favorite option for a huge community of amateurs and professionals. In the form of 8051, the world witnessed the most groundbreaking set of microcontrollers. An 8051 microcontroller tutorial is the best way to learn this field of study completely.

Certain high level programming languages like BASIC, C, C++, Pascal, Forth and Java are used to write the program code for 8051. These superior languages employ a compiler to translate the program into machine code. For instance, in case of C programming for microcontrollers, the program must be transformed into machine language with the help of C compiler. Normally, C and assembly language (a low-level programming language) are extensively used for 8051 programs in comparison to the other high level languages.

Moving on in this 8051 microcontroller tutorial, Intel Corporation originally built the 8-bit microcontroller that was denoted MCS-51 in the 1981. This microcontroller was also known as “computer on a chip” since it contains 128 bytes of Random Access Memory (RAM), 4 kilobytes of read-only memory (ROM), 2 timers, 4 ports, and 1 Serial port on a solitary chip. The central processing unit can process just 8 bits of data at one time since 8051 is an 8-bit processor. In the event the data is bigger than 8 bits, then it needs to be divided into components with the intention that the CPU can perform in a convenient manner. The majority of makers usually integrate 4 kilobytes of ROM although the size of ROM can be increased up to 64 kilobytes.

Intel allowed other makers to build various editions of 8051, but with the restriction that the compatibility of code needs to be sustained. This has additional benefit that if the program code is written, then it can be applied for any edition of 8051 in spite of the maker.

C for microcontrollers, particularly 8051 has been the number one choice among programmers. The embedded C programming has been employed in a broad assortment of devices, primarily because it is trouble-free to incorporate into a project or fabricate a device around. The major areas of focus comprise energy management, medical appliances, automobiles, and touch screens.

8051 permits you to maneuver each and every bit of a port, thereby offering computer programmers with an exceptional and robust option. It renders the programmer with the capability to read, write and alter every port to create customized applications as far as possible. This was only a glimpse of this microcontroller. For more comprehensive 8051 microcontroller tutorials, you must visit websites dedicated to teach aspirants on this promising field.

How Many Types Of Computers Are There

September 27, 2017

Computer has become a very important part in our daily life. With the advancement of technology, the computers are also becoming more and more advanced. Now, there are various types of computers based on their processing powers and sizes. Depending on the operational principle of computers, computers are categorized as hybrid computers and analog computers. There are some of the other important types of computers as well. These include Mainframe Computers, Microcomputers.

Analog Computers – Analog computers can carry out a number of mathematical operations at the same time. Now a day, these types of computers are obsolete.

Hybrid Computers These types of computers are a blend of both digital and analog computers.

Microcomputers This is a computer having a microprocessor. When a mouse and keyboard is connected, these are called as personal computers. Microcomputers must also have computer memory (RAM) and a power supply unit.

Mainframe Computers Mainframe computer are used by the large organizations for highly critical applications. For instance, bulk data processing, ERP, etc. Mainframe computers can also host multiple operating systems as well as they can operate many virtual machines.

When it comes to personal computers, they are of various forms such as desktops, laptops and personal digital assistants. It is always better to gather some information about these computes. Following is a brief discussion about these computers:

Desktop Computers – Desktop computers have been designed to work on a single location. These types of computers are hugely popular as the spare parts are easily available and they are relatively lower costs. In workplaces and households we mostly see desktops. You can buy a branded desktop computer or build one on your own.

Laptop Computers – These types of computers are similar in operation to desktops. But the main advantage of laptop computers is their portability. These computers are miniaturized and optimized for mobile use. Laptops mainly run on a single battery and there is an external adapter that charges the computer batteries. Inbuilt keyboard, touch pad acting as a mouse and a LCD or LED are the key feature of a laptop. Laptops are relatively costlier as compared to desktops.

Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) This is also known as Palmtop. In PDAs you will find a touch screen and a memory card which store data. PDAs are widely used web browsing, listening to music and as smart phones. The cost of PDA is much higher than desktops.

Supercomputers To perform highly calculation-intensive tasks effectively and efficiently, supercomputers are used. The usage of supercomputer could be seen in weather forecasting, study of molecular theory, Quantum physics, mechanics, etc. These computers have parallel processing ability and well-designed memory hierarchy which allow them a great processing speed.

But whatever computers you are using, computer problem is a very common thing for the users. To resolve computer problem, you can consult a remote computer repair company. There are many such companies in the market and are quite good to offer tech support for resolving any computer problems.

suservice.exe application error – How to diagnose suservice.exe error effectively

September 26, 2017

The Suservice.exe application error is a very annoying computer errors that almost all computer users will come across when using the computer. Soon after it appears, it will greatly slow down your computer and make some certain programs to run improperly. But don’t be so upset! In this article, I will show you detailed information on what causes Suservice.exe errors and how to fix them effectively.

What is suservice.exe application error?

Suservice.exe application error is a common PC error that is originated from Suservice.exe process which is an extremely important system process in Windows operating system due to it is used to invoke .dll files to perform certain tasks and install the libraries into your system’s memory. Suservice.exe error is principally caused by memory issue, driver issue, system32 errors, registry issues and malware attacks. If your computer is in the trouble of suservice.exe error, we sincerely suggest you make a comprehensive scan for your computer with a suservice.exe error fixer on your computer.

Why do you need to fix suservice.exe application error?

Suservice.exe error is a common but terrible .exe error due to it may lead to the problems below:
Dynamic-link library file errors
System32 errors
System sluggish problems
Computer freezes
Blue Screen of Death errors
Randomly threaten your CPU performance
Runtime error 429, runtime error 217 and runtime error 10
Driver update failure
System reboots failure How to diagnose suservice.exe error instantly?

Till now, the most effective and instant way to diagnose suservice.exe application error is to free download and install a highly user-friendly and absolutely powerful suservice.exe error fixer on your computer. This powerful tool comes equipped with a series of comprehensive PC error detection utilities that can provide you with professional solutions to safely, instantly and totally fix suservice.exe error and its related errors.

So, no matter which type of Suservice.exe error your are experiencing, Suservice.exe unspecified error or high cpu usage Suservice.exe errors , you can simply download and run this registry repair freeware right now! Trust me! It will return you a complete error-free computer within minutes.

Android Iptv Box Is Your In-home Multimedia Device

September 26, 2017

Nowadays, android operating system has not only been used in cell phones, but in other several products. Interests in this OS for new products keep growing. At the Computex Electronics show last June, we found that a number of gadget makers put Android for use in notebooks, tablet PCs, readers as well as IPTVs.

Android IPTV Box Offers A New Entertainment Style

The android IPTV box has built-in HDMI port for you to connect with 1080P high definition television or HDTV, projector and computer monitor where you can watch any TV channels you would like to enjoy, HD video or movies, music, playing online games, browsing the internet, online shopping, internet banking, sending and receiving emails, social networking like facebook, twitter, skype or MSN. It is a new generation entertainment style for sharing, enjoying and relaxing with your whole family.

IPTV Box Gives Better Web-surfing Experience

Different from android tablet pc, it is not only a performance computer but also a perfect set top box, based on android 2.2 OS, supporting Google chrome browser and Adobe flash player 10.1 or 10.2. Google TV permits you access everything on the web, watch your favorite web video, view photos, play games, chat with friends. It can connect with RJ45 LAN and WIFI network, USB external Hard Disk, and support keyboard, mouse as well as wireless remote control. Unlike HD smartphone, the all-in-one Google android IPTV box is a combination of home entertainment and communications to offer users a better web experience on larger HD screen.

Cheap But Advanced Android IPTV Box

” Folks do not simply want to stare at static screens, they want to touch and get responses to information they need to make informed purchasing decisions.” said Nick Karnik, the CEO of IN Media Corp. which announced the latest release of its IPTV set top box running Google’s Android platform version 2.2 on March 8. The company press releases free today announced the intended launch of its new interactive high definition kiosk based on IPTV technology. The kiosks will offer cheap but advanced sales and selling technology for today’s consumer. That means the cost of purchasing and maintaining a kiosk will be reduced by at least half from current prices. In fact, we can easily buy this high-tech product through shopsimple.com which is a leading website of prices comparision for huge range consumer electronic products.

Following the fast development of this OS, there will be a lot of android based products in the future and android IPTV box is definitely positioned as a main in-home multimedia device.

A Keylogger for Mac Is the Ultimate Surveillance Tool for Macintosh Computers

September 25, 2017

It is without a doubt that the Internet offers plenty of great opportunities to anyone who uses it, provided that they use it in the right way for the right things. It is a perfect medium for research, communications, entertainment and much more. It is a valuable learning tool for children as well. However, while this may be the case, the Internet also has its disadvantages and dangers. There is plenty of content which is extremely inappropriate for children for a start. In many family homes, parents do not take the dangers of the Internet seriously and children enjoy completely unrestricted and unmonitored access to the web. It is essential to avoid this kind of situation. Parental control features should always be in place on any family computer, but they cannot solely be relied upon. What you need in combination with parental controls is a solution which allows you to monitor activity as well. This is where a keylogger for Mac such as REFOG Mac Keylogger comes in.

REFOG Mac Keylogger is the ultimate tool for monitoring users of your Macintosh computer. This powerful keylogger for Mac allows you to monitor anyone logged in to the computer. It is ideal for monitoring children online, since it is almost as effective as looking over their shoulders. It doesn’t prevent inappropriate activities by itself (that’s what your Mac’s built-in parental controls do), but it alerts you to any problems long before they can spiral out of control. This makes REFOG Mac Keylogger an extremely powerful solution, when combined with parental controls, for keeping your children safe online. The keylogger for Mac records absolutely every keystroke once it’s installed and running. This means that you will be able to read emails and chat messages sent, documents typed and web addresses and search engine queries entered. It even takes screenshots at specified intervals.

REFOG Mac Keylogger is a great tool for monitoring anyone else using your computer as well; not just children. It is, for example, one of the most effective ways of catching out a cheating spouse, since you will quickly be able to uncover any inappropriate emails or messages sent to a member of the opposite sex.

This keylogger for Mac truly is a cutting edge solution but, in spite of this, it is also very easy to use. It runs on almost any Macintosh computer thanks to its minimal system requirements. It does all of the hard work for you once you have gone through the quick and straightforward process of installing and configuring it. It also runs invisibly and it’s protected by a master password. However, no one even needs to know that it’s running. You can simply sit back and read the logs as they arrive.

REFOG Mac Keylogger, unlike most other computer surveillance solutions, also records screenshots at specified intervals. This provides you with a thorough visual history of your computer’s usage. Combined with the ability to record all keystrokes, this practically makes a keylogger for Mac as effective as looking over the shoulder of the person using your computer. Learn more at refog.com/mac-keylogger.html .

Software Presentation Quidam – N-sided

September 25, 2017

Everything is under your eyes

The first thing you notice at the opening of Quidam, its interface is fun and lack of text menus. Indeed, while the software driver using the icons arranged in groups around the 3D view. These icons are well drawn enough to be understandable without even casting a glance at the documentation. I’ve also used this to check that last one or two points so the handling of the program is simple. The graphical interface does not display too much responsibility, however. Here we have room for everything and even on a small screen size, everything has its place without having to hide a particular element for the pleasure of seeing one another (some software will recognize ….)

2 – The plan places …

Quidam offers segmented by operating “studio” was an assembly hall (for “paste” elements to each other), a studio proportions (to decline characters or younger adults, realistic characters or more trend superhero comic-book ,….), modeling studio (to truly customize the existing databases), a studio texture (where it sets the “makeup” of characters) and a photo studio for rendering internal software.

3 – And Quidam created woman (or man)

The first step is choosing a starting point for your character. For now the choice is limited to 5 human figures (3 full and two heads) with a manga and two cartoon characters (to use perhaps smaller) but N-sided promises the imminent arrival of new bases and especially As we shall see, each base is actually the source of many possible characters that you can design directly in the software. When you make your choice of character, Quidam you how many facets that compose it, as well as whether or not to play on the clothing, the presence of normal or bump map …

4 – Call Smooth

The composing room is usually the 2nd stage which passes through the design of the character. Here you choose the shape of your creation, or not add clothing and accessories.

You have at your disposal two types of elements:
– Parts of body naked or dressed, these parties represent an arm, a torso or a shirt, pants …

When you have a naked person, if you add the shirt, it does not come in addition to the chest, abdomen, arms … but in lieu thereof, thereby limiting the number of facets and the risks of crossing facets unfortunate.

– Accessories, which are added to each character is defined as (a bracelet, shoes, a bra …)

To insert an item on your character, nothing simpler: just click on the party and the available evidence appears. Select the one you want and it starts up. Not childish?

5 – Beautiful proportions

Any illustrator knows that character will not be drawn with the same proportions as either a fashion design or super-hero comic book or a character more “cartoon”.

Quidam you can change the proportions or via a predefined system (with a different setting for the body and head) or by manually acting on any part of the skeleton of the character. Thus, the arms may lengthen, widen shoulders ,…. and you decide if you want to apply any changes symmetrically to any character or not.

6 – Pattern your idea

The sculpture studio is the hub of Quidam: far from being a “push-button, the software is a real modeler that allows you to intervene on points, edges and facets of the characters. What users refractory to 3D to worry, everything here is meant to evoke an advantage creating fun on the clay that tedious work of modeling organic.

You act with a soft brush selection that lights hover the geometry of your object, allowing you to have a display shaded and textured “clean”, without displaying facets, and still see precisely what you do. This is a very pleasant to use and visually quite beautiful (it feels like to walk a little mask for X-ray model.

Colorism – Personalized Corporate Gifts – China Promotional Computer Accessories

September 24, 2017

African-Americans in the United States Du Bois in 1946, photo by Carl Van Vechten Colorism in the United States is a practice that began in times of slavery due to white slave owner’s assertion that any person black (African) or associated with blackness, was inferior or lowly. Common practices of the time were to allow the slaves with the lighter complexion (more commonly the offspring of the slave masters and their slaves) to engage in less strenuous usually domesticated duties, while the darker, more African looking slaves participated in hard labor, which was more than likely outdoors. The “brown paper bag test” was a ritual once practiced by certain African-American and Creole fraternities and sororities who discriminated against people who were “too dark.” That is, these groups would not let anyone into the sorority or fraternity whose skin tone was darker than a paper lunch bag, in order to maintain a perception of standards. Spike Lee’s film School Daze satirized this practice at historically black colleges and universities. The rown paper bag test form of colorism is also believed to have been used in the application process to the prestigious Historically Black College Howard University. The University once required students to submit a photograph of themselves, most likely to ensure that the majority of the Universities students were of lighter complexion. Along with the “Paper Bag Test,” guidelines for acceptance among the lighter ranks included the “comb test”, which tested the coarseness of one’s hair, and the “flashlight test,” which tested a person’s profile, to make sure their features measured up, or were close enough to those of the Caucasian race. Colorism is prevalent in the job application process as well, research shows that a light skinned African American male with a bachelors degree and mediocre experience is more likely to be hired for a typical job than a dark skinned man with a Masters in Business Administration and past experience in the field. While stated less explicitly, colorism has been portrayed in episodes of the NBC drama Homicide: Life on the Street. Lighter-skinned African American superior officers Deputy Commissioner of Operations James C. Harris and Colonel George Barnfather appear to discriminate against main character Baltimore Police Lieutenant Al Giardello, a darker-skinned African American. Additionally, African American women have discriminated against Giardello on the grounds that his appearance is “too black”. Along with the above example, a major issue in American society has been the fact the majority of media outlets (television, movies, advertising, etc.) choose to portray lighter skin people, because on average, that is the national preference. The (light to dark) hierarchy within the African American race is one that has existed since the time of slavery, but its problems and consequences are still very evident. Darker skinned blacks are more likely to have negative relationships with the police, less likely to have higher education or income levels, and less likely to hold public office. Darker skinned people are also considered less intelligent, less desirable (in women mostly), and are overall seen as a lesser people. Studies have shown that when measuring education and family income, there is a positive sloping curve as the skin of families gets lighter. This does not prove that darker skinned people are discriminated against, but it provides insight as to why these statistics are recurring. Lighter skinned people tend to have higher social standing, more positive networks, and more opportunities to succeed than those of a darker persuasion. Scientists believe this advantage is due to not only to ancestors benefits, but also skin color, which coincides with the belief of colorism affecting peoples lives from past to present. In criminal sentencing, medium to dark-skinned African Americans are likely to receive sentences 2.6 longer than those of whites or light-skinned African Americans, and when a white victim is involved, those with more “black” features are likely to receive a much more severe punishment, reinforcing the idea that those of lighter complexion are of more “value.” Colorism also adversely affects the relationships between African American men and women. Darker skinned African Americans are less likely to get married, and those that do are more likely to marry beneath their own socioeconomic status, perpetuating the challenges that darker skinned blacks face. Also, as education levels rise, the preferences in attraction also change, with most college students believing that their lighter skinned racial counterparts are more attractive than darker skinned people. The preferences of children and adolescents were not that different, meaning education level is important. This problem seems to be more evident when discussing the lives of African American women, seeing as they have more to overcome with the more pronounced differences in the body type, facial features, and hair. The constant exposure to European traits in American media, such as Advertising, movies, television, or even children’s dolls, provides an explanation as to why this comparison to Caucasian-like traits is perpetuated. Those of lighter complexion are also known to have higher education and socioeconomic status, meaning their social skills are more “refined,” which can be seen as more attractive to other educated people. The idea that darker African American women do not stand up to their lighter counterparts may cause them to lose self confidence or esteem, which could in turn decrease their self worth, making them less likely to want to overcome the boundaries before them. Since the majority of a man’s self worth is not related to their level of physical attractiveness, men are not as adversely affected as women. The theory of the “sacred white womanhood” also affects perceptions of attractiveness in that women whose complexion is closer to the pristine “fair” skinned white woman are considered more desirable and at times more attractive. This goes against the typical historical view of dark skinned women, who were expected to be comparable to men in their ability to work, constantly looked at as dirty or as property, and in a sense emasculate their femininity. The backlash from these altering views is that African American women are forced to imitate the actions and lifestyles of white women, by doing such things as bleaching their skin or straightening their hair, in order to gain affection of their male complements. Skin Color Paradox The Skin Color Paradox is an idea that deals with the issue of “being black,” meaning how African Americans identify themselves, as well as others with the same experiences or lifestyles. A major issue in this paradox deals with the inconsistencies between a persons socio-economical and cultural preferences and their political preferences. Going along with the colorism issue, the paradox exists due to the fact that lighter skinned and darker skinned African Americans seem to have different experiences (socioeconomically and culturally), yet in the past, and theoretically in the future, will continue to have political preferences that benefit the African American race as a whole. Political scientists would suggest that skin color is a characteristic perhaps as equally important as religion, income, and education, which explains why the paradox is so surprising, but studies show that skin color (or shade) has no real implications on actual political preferences. Another issue with the paradox is the issue of affirmative action. Studies show that most of the people that receive affirmative action come from families that are better educated and more well off, and historically this means that the lighter-skinned portion of the black race is receiving the majority of the aid, making it appear as if the race as a whole is being benefited. Americo Liberians In Liberia, descendants of African-American settlers (renamed Americo-Liberians) in part defined social class and standing by raising people with lighter skin above those with dark skin. The first Americo-Liberian presidents such as Joseph Jenkins Roberts, James Spriggs-Payne, and Alfred Francis Russell had considerable proportions of European ancestry. Most may have been only one-quarter or one-eighth African American. Other aspects of their rising to power, however, likely related to their chances for having obtained education and work that provided good livings. Edward Roye was the first representative of dark-skinned African-American settlers in Liberia.(http://www.reference.com/search?q=Colorism). The light-skinned party was the Republican Party (Liberia) and the dark-skinned party was the True Whig Party. In addition to rivalries among descendants of African Americans, the Americans held themselves above the native Africans in Liberia. Thus, descendants of Americans held and kept power out of proportion to their representation in the population of the entire country, so there was a larger issue than color at work. The “Blue Vein Society” This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2007) Following the Emancipation, mulatto societies such as “The Blue Vein Society” came into prominence. Its members were often well-connected free-born or freed individuals of mixed African, European, and occasionally of Native American blood. To be eligible for membership, one’s skin color had to be pale enough that the “blue veins” on the underside of the arm were visible. Such restrictive organizations allowed its members and their offspring to meet, co-mingle and marry, thereby preserving what small privilege the mulatto elite had enjoyed before all slaves were set free. Uneducated, or economically disadvantaged mixed-race individuals, even those whose skin color was technically light enough to qualify them for admission, were rarely welcomed, demonstrating that there were more than color issues under consideration. The original “Blue Veins” were said to have been organized in New England. Their primary objective was to establish and maintain “correct” social standards among people who had achieved some social, educational and economic standing.[citation needed] Colorism outside the United States This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2007) Colorism also occurs in other western cultures where fair people are considered to be more superior, affluent, and powerful then those of a darker skin tone. In some Latin American countries such as Brazil, “race” classification is more a matter of skin tone and social status than actual ancestry. Colorism can be identified as a direct consequence of the social stratification of colonial societies, especially the ones affected by slavery. The phenomenon exists in the Americas from United States to Caribbean countries to South America. In the French West Indies, new born children can be deemed as “sauv” (saved) when their skin tone is light enough to represent a chance at better social status. The same conceptions that discriminate against dark skin are often applied to other physical features that are directly linked to African heritage: hair, face features, etc. Colorism in Brazil Brazil has the largest population of African descendants (living outside of Africa) in the world. This large number was a result of the African Slave trade. In Brazil, skin color plays a large role in differences among the races. Social status. Individuals with lighter skin and who are racially mixed generally have higher rates of social mobility. Like in the United States, there are a disproportionate number of white elites than those of African descent. There are large health, education and income disparities between the races in Brazil. Colorism in South Asia Even prior to any interactions between Europeans and South Asians, colorism has been an issue for South Asian cultures. According to Communist revisionist historians, color prejudice was introduced due to Aryans from Central Asia invading India in ancient times and subjugating the “dark” indigenous Indians. This form of negationist historical revisionism was part of the British colonial ideology. Much of these theories were simply conjecture fueled by European imperialism. This styling of an Aryan invasion by British colonial fantasies of racial supremacy was incorporated by Communist revisionists as part of waging a Trotskyist permanent revolution in India between perceived “whites” and “darks”, and has no basis in genetic or anthropological studies of South Asian populations. More recent studies have also debunked the British claims that so-called “Aryans” and “Dravidians” have a “racial divide”. A study conducted by the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology in 2009 (in collaboration with Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health and the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT) analyzed half a million genetic markers across the genomes of 132 individuals from 25 ethnic groups from 13 states in India across multiple caste groups. The study establishes, based on the impossibility of identifying any genetic indicators across caste lines, that castes in South Asia grew out of traditional tribal organizations during the formation of Indian society, and was not the product of any mythical “Aryan Invasion” and “subjugation” of Dravidian people, unlike what British racial-revanchist and revisionist claims would have one believe. The study does go on state that there were two different populations that originally settled India. They were the Ancestral North Indian (ANI) in the north and the Ancestral South Indian (ASI) in the south. Over time these groups mixed together. Traditionally, Hindusim has never shown a preference for skin colour and dark skinned people can be found in all castes of Hindu society. In the Mahabharata, the character known as Krishnaa was of dark complexion but was an epitome of beauty. The incarnation of Vishnu, Krishna himself (widely revered by Vaishnavites), was said to be “as black as a full raincloud”. Individuals in South Asia have tended to see whiter skin as more beautiful. This was most clearly visible in British India, where skin color served as a signal of high status for British, who styled themselves as the true “inheritors” of Indian society based on their pseudohistorical narratives of the “Aryan Invasion”. Thus, those individuals with fairer skin color enjoyed more privileges and opportunities than those with dark skin. Anglo-Indians with more European features were often more upwardly mobile and were considered to have a more affluent status. These individuals gained preferences in education and in employment. Darker skinned individuals were be socially and economically disadvantaged due to their appearance. Being dark skinned, black or colored constituted a disadvantage in society for most European colonies, the South Asian subcontinent notwithstanding. Arab world Preference for white skin is rampant in the Arab world, and, according to historian Bernard Lewis, goes back to the founding times of Islam. Arab culture standardizes the white color, and despises the black color. A popular phrase in Northern Sudan is “al-Husnu ahmar” (beauty is white) Whiteness is the ultimate standard color in most Arab societies. The second ranking is called “asmar” (red), followed by “dahabi”(golden), gamhi (wheatish), khamri (the color of wine), akhdar (light black/green). “Akhdhar” is used as a polite alternative of the word “black” in describing the color of a dark-skinned Arab. The early Arabs used the word akhdar to describe people of unquestionable nobility whose color, for one reason or the other, was black. Last and least is azrag. This literally means “blue”, but it is used interchangeably with aswad to mean “black”, which is the color of the ‘abeed’ (slave). In Arab culture, white skin is considered “clean, beautiful, and a mark of holiness”, largely on account of the relatively white skin of Muhammad. In Sudan, as well as Yemen, black skin is looked down upon, and all black-skinned people are regarded as “abeed” (slaves) . See also Blackness Black is beautiful Colonial mentality Human skin color Nordicism One-drop rule Paper bag party Race Racialism Racism Skin whitening Social interpretations of race Whiteness References ^ Hill, Mark E. “Skin Color and the Perception of Attractiveness Among African Americans: Does Gender Make a Difference?” Social Psychology Quarterly 65.1 (2002): 77-91. ^ Kerr, Audrey E. “The Paper Bag Principle: Of the Myth and the Motion of Colorism.” Journal of American Folklore 118.469 (205): 271-289. ^ Banerji, Shilpa. “Study: Darker-skinned Black Job Applicants Face More Obstacles.” Diverse: Issues in Higher Education 23.16 (2006): 20. ^ Mascaro, Thomas A. (2004-03-22). “Homicide: Life on the Street: progress in portrayals of African American men”. Journal of Popular Film and Television. OCLC 4652347. ISSN 0195-6051. http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-115399891.html. Retrieved 2007-09-23. ^ http://novemberrain.free.fr/GlossaireHLOTS.htm ^ Hochschild, Jennifer L. “The Skin Color Paradox and the American Racial Order.” Social Forces 86.2 (2007): 643-670. ^ Hochschild, Jennifer L. “The Skin Color Paradox and the American Racial Order.” Social Forces 86.2 (2007): 643-670. ^ Hochschild, Jennifer L. “The Skin Color Paradox and the American Racial Order.” Social Forces 86.2 (2007): 643-670. ^ Hernandez, Tanya K. (2006). “Bringing Clarity to Race Relations in Brazil”. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education 23 (18): 85. ^ Santana, Almeida-Filho, Roberts, Cooper, Vilma, Naomar, Robert, Sharon P.; Almeida-Filho, Naomar; Roberts, Robert; Cooper, Sharon P. (2007). “Skin Colour, Perception of Racism and Depression among Adolescents in Urban Brazil”. Child & Adolescent Mental Health 12 (3): 125131. doi:10.1111/j.1475-3588.2007.00447.x. ^ Indians are one people descended from two tribes ^ Aryan-Dravidian divide a myth: Study, Times of India ^ Bernard Lewis (2003). “From Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Enquiry”. in Kevin Reilly, Stephen Kaufman, Angela Bodino. Racism: A Global Reader. M.E. Sharpe. pp.528. ISBN 0765610604. ^ a b c d Al-Baqr al-Affif Mukhtar (2007). The Crisis of Identity in Northern Sudan: The Dilemma of a Black People with a White Culture. in Fluehr-Lobban and Rhodes, Race and Identity in the Nile Valley. pp.21324.. Neal, Angela & Wilson, Midge (1989). The role of skin color and features in the. Black community: Implications for black women and therapy. Clinical Psychology Review, Vol 9(3), 1989. pp.323-333. Kerr, Audrey E. “The Paper Bag Principle: Of the Myth and the Motion of Colorism.” Journal of American Folklore 118.469 (2005): 271-289. Books about colorism The Color Complex by Kathy Russell & Midge Wilson (ISBN 0-385-47161-0) Don’t Play In the Sun by Marita Golden (ISBN 0-385-50786-0) The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison (ISBN 0-452-28219-5) The Blacker the Berry by Wallace Thurman (ISBN 0-684-81580-X) Caucasia by Danzy Senna Is Lighter Better?: Skin-Tone Discrimination Among Asian Americans Joanne L. Rondilla, Paul R. Spickard ISBN 0742554945 External links Dealing with Colourism: A Step Towards the African Revolution Black African Focus Mascaro, Thomas A. (2004-03-22). “Homicide: Life on the Street: progress in portrayals of African American men”. Journal of Popular Film and Television. OCLC 4652347. ISSN 0195-6051. http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-115399891.html. “The Face of Colorism”. http://students.ou.edu/M/Craig.A.Marroquin-1/colorism.html. Retrieved 2008-09-28. Colorism Origin of Rainbows: Colorism Exposed Documentary abcnews.go.com “Light, Bright, Damn near White” documentary film[[cs:Kolor Categories: Discrimination

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